Eclipse is a free, powerful, open-source, and configurable IDE. I recommend you spend some time configuring Eclipse to meet your needs.
The homework and project code should not have warnings, including Javadoc warnings. If you want your Eclipse to have similar compiler settings, import this configuration into your Eclipse workspace:
To use the above configuration, scroll to the “view raw” link and open it in a new window. Save the output as
eclipse-compiler-settings.epf to your system. (Alternatively, copy and paste the text into a file with this name.)
In the Eclipse Preferences view, click the “Import” button near the bottom left and select the
epf file. Or, follow these steps to import the
epf Eclipse preferences file. Follow the prompts to import the compiler settings.
Note that it is not exactly the same—the autograding feature uses the
javac compiler and Eclipse uses its own built-in Java compiler instead.
Your code should have proper Javadoc comments for all members and methods before requesting a code review. To receive warnings when you are missing something (or something is out of date) with your Javadoc comments, use these settings:
If you imported the compiler settings from before, this should already be configured for you!
Your code should always be consistently formatted, especially before requesting a code review. The exact style you adopt is up to you. The official Java code conventions are at:
- Code Conventions for the Java Programming Language, Revised April 1999.
However, these conventions are no longer maintained and major features have been introduced to Java since these were last updated. For more modern guides, see:
Google Java Style Guide, Updated May 2018.
Android Open Source Project (AOSP) Java Code Style, Updated January 2022.
You can also customize the formatter to your own preferences. You can use these settings to change the brace style, where newlines and spaces are used, and fix how Eclipse formats try-with-resources code blocks. For example:
You can further customize Eclipse to re-format your code every time you save. See below for details.
Other Customization (Optional)
I recommend you customize other features in Eclipse as well. For example:
Change the fonts used in the editor (reference). You can find several options on Google Fonts. My favorites are Fira Code (not Fira Mono), Source Code Pro Light, Roboto Mono Light, Anonymous Pro, and Incosolata. There are many fans of the customizable Input font as well.
Fonts like Fira Code have some fancy ligatures so the combination of characters like
<=when viewed. If you copy and paste
<=elsewhere, you’ll see that it is stored as the two separate characters
=(just displayed as if they were one).
Change your save actions (reference). I usually remove unused imports and fix indentation at least.
Customize the autocomplete code templates (reference, examples). I usually create one for
printfmyself. You can download the templates I use and import them into your Eclipse workspace:
Change the layout and add different views. I usually add the Tasks view, which shows me all of my
TODOcomments. I also prefer to add the Git views to my Java perspective rather than switching to the Git perspective.
Customize the visibility of whitespaces in the text editor (reference). This can be helpful to detect when a mix of tabs and spaces are used for indentation.
Change how content assist works for the Java editor (reference). If you find Eclipse inserting code automatically when you do NOT want it to, you might consider changing the “Disable insertion triggers” setting:
The official guides for Eclipse are located at:
Keep in mind that Eclipse is under active development, and bugs happen.
Try to close projects in Eclipse when you are no longer working on them. This can improve performance.